THE REASONS FOR EXTRA FEEDING NEWBORN
mother cat has health problems or on medications
kittens have not doubled their weight by the age
of 14 days
kittens are born too weak to find mothers nipples
or too weak for sucking
WHAT IS NEEDED FOR FEEDING A NEWBORN
Milk supplement. I recommend KMR
milk. There are instructions on the KMR box you have to follow. You can
prepare a solution by yourself : 1/2 glass of whole milk and 1 egg
yolk. A kitten needs 20ml of milk for each 100gr of his weight
per day. To calculate the amount of milk for each meal, divide the
total amount of milk per day to the number of meals your kitten have
each day. For example:
Feeding tubes. Use #3 feeding
tube for the first week and #5 for second and third weeks.
Syringes. You will need syringe
for the feeding tube. You can buy a feeding syringe in a pet store.
I use 5cc, 10cc, and 20cc syringes (without needle).
weights for postage or kitchen weights could be use.
HOW TO FEED A KITTEN
Prepare a milk supplement.
Always use warm, not hot, water for a milk supplement preparation. Do
not warm already prepared solution in microwave oven. It's easy to
warm a supplement in a glass or a bottle placed in hot water.
Warmers for baby food could be used. I usually prepare milk for a
day, pour it in a bottle and put it in a refrigerator. Each
time I pour some milk needed for one meal in a glass.
I warm it in a lunchbox with hot water for a couple of minutes.
Then I stir the milk with a spoon and check the temperature. The
temperature of a supplement should be about 39°C.
This temperature feels warm ( not hot!) if you put a few drops of
supplement on your skin on inner side of your wrist.
Set up a feeding area.
Put all things you might need
in a reachable distance from you. I place on
a towel near me the following items: paper towels, assembled feeding tube and syringe,
milk in a tall glass, a box with a warm fabric to put kittens you
have already fed to avoid feeding
the same kitten twice.
Feeding process. First
put the tip of the tube in the glass of milk and suck the milk in
the syringe. Use much milk as needed for one meal.
Then take a kitten in your left hand. When you feed a kitten do not
hold him upside down. It is very important that a kitten is
fed when he is laying on his stomach, just like he would do it with
his mother. Hold a kitten in your left hand gently fixing his head
with your fingers. When a kitten opens his mouth, put a tip of
a feeding tube on his tongue root. A kitten starts to swallow
the tube by reflex. Gently force the tube to go to kitten's stomach.
Stop forcing when it is inside the kitten for a right length and
does not go farther. It might be helpful to measure the length
between the kittens nose and his last rib and mark this
length with a permanent marker on the tube. If your kitten is
coughing, the tube might goes into his trachea. Remove the tube
immediately and repeat the process. When the tube is in the kitten's
stomach, push the syringe handle to inject the milk into kitten's
stomach through the feeding tube. The process takes less time then
reading about it, about 20 seconds.
Your job is not done yet.
Kittens cannot excrement and urinate by themselves first 2-3 weeks.
They need their mother to stimulate them. If the mother cat is on
medications, cover her nipples with fabric and let her clean the
kittens. If there is no mother cat, you have to make a kitten excrement and urinate
with your help. Massage the kitten's belly a bit,
then massage kitten's genitalia and anus with a warm, wet and soft
fabric. Kitten should urinate within 1-2 minutes.
Change fabric or pad you use
for kittens' nest. Disassemble and wash the feeding tube and syringe
with hot water, so they will not harbor bacteria. Remember to keep your
kitten warm. A heating pad on lowest power works
just fine. Put your heating pad in a pillow case and use water proof pads for
HOW DO YOU KNOW IF YOU ARE DOING IT RIGHT
meals per day
||milk each meal
Each kitten is different. For some kittens the
average norms might not be suitable.
A kitten should not cough during or after tube
feeding. No milk supplement should be seen in kitten's mouth
during or after tube feeding.
A healthy and fed right kitten should sleep all the
time between meals his first two weeks; and more then half of the
time his third and fourth weeks. A healthy kitten might cry right
before meal, but not between meals. A healthy kittens do not shake.
Weight a kitten every day before
the first meal. A kitten should gain minimum 10gr every day for
his first 4 weeks. If a kitten is not gaining enough weight he might be
underfed. You should not worry too much if a kitten does not gain much
weight, but looks healthy and sleeps well. He
might gain more weight when he starts to eat by himself later.
Look at the color of the kitten's excrements and match it
with this table below:
|yellow color, liquid or
very soft consistency
|gray and white
||a sigh of possible infection
WHEN YOUR KITTEN IS 3-4 WEEKS OLD
When kittens are 3-4 weeks old
they could be fed from a bottle. I buy a feeding kit in pet stores and
cut a tip of the rubber nipple. I start feeding can food to three weeks
old tube/bottle fed kittens. Place a small amount of can food on your finger and gently
put the food in kitten mouth or under his lip.
THE RECOMMENDATIONS ABOVE ARE BASED
ON MY OWN OPINION AND EXPIRIENCE.
Redistribution on any other website is only
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© Burma Charm